English Tenses : Formation et Cours Anglais à Lyon

Simple Present

It is used for general statements of facts or to express habitual or everyday activity.

Examples:

  1. a) Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.
  2. b) I study for two hours every night.

 Form:

We use (s) to the verb if the subject of the sentence is singular.

ex. The boy plays basketball everyday. 

ex. The boys play basketball everyday. 

Present Progressive

It is used to express an activity that is in progress at the moment of speaking. Often the activity is of a general nature: something generally in progress this week, this month, this year.

Examples:

  1. a) John is sleeping right now.
  2. b) I am taking five courses this semester.

Form:

We use one of the forms of verb (be) before the action verb, and we add –ing to the verb. 

ex. I am watching TV now.

ex. She is reading a book. 

ex. They are playing basketball. 

Non-progressive Verbs:

Some verbs are non-progressive: they are not used in any of the progressive tenses. These verbs describe states (i.e. conditions that exist); they do not describe activities that are in progress.

 Common Non-progressive Verbs

believe                  imagine            want                feel                  seem                taste                 taste

love                      mind                care                  envy                cost                  hear                 hear

possess                 own                 have                 own                 appear              see                   see

To Check your understanding of the Present Simple and Present Progressive, take this quiz. Do not hesitate to ask questions, and if you have special requests, please contact us by sending us an email to [email protected] or call us on 04.78.76.79.82 for more information about our English classes.

 

The First two are done and explained for you:

ex. Julia is very good at languages. She  ……speaks……… 4 languages fluently. (It is a fact about Julia that she can speak four languages)

ex. Hurry up! Everybody …..is waiting…… (wait) for you. (Right now and at the moment of speaking everyone is waiting. )

Now, you can start the quiz.

 

1. Quiet please! I (write) ________ a test.
2. She usually (walk) ___________________ to school.
3. But look! Today she (go) ___________________by bike.
4. but today she (sit) _____________ in the last row.
5. She (wear) _____________ a raincoat and willies
6. and she (carry) ___________ an umbrella.
7. My mother (make) __________ breakfast now.
8. Usually I enjoy parties, but I ___________ (not/enjoy) this one very much.
1. I (live) ______________ in Seattle for five years.

10. I must go now. It __________ (get) late.

11. The River Nile _________ (flow) into the Mediterranean.

13. Don’t put the dictionary away. I ___________(need) it

Simple Past

It indicates that an activity or situation began and ended at a particular time in the past.

Example:

He lived in Paris for ten years, but now he is living in Rome.

Form:

We add (ed) to the regular verb. 

ex. They played basketball yesterday. 

If the verb is one of the irregular verbs, we use the second form of the verb in the table of irregular verbs.  

ex. We went to the movie last week. 

Past Progressive

It indicates continuing action, something that was happening, going on, at some point in the past. This tense is formed with the helping “to be” verb, in the past tense, plus the present participle of the verb (with an -ing ending).

Example:

I was riding my bike all day yesterday.

Form:

We use the past form of verb (be) before the verb, and then we add -ing to the verb. 

ex. I was watching TV.

ex. They were playing basketball. 

The past progressive indicates a limited duration of time and is thus a convenient way to indicate that something took place (in the simple past) while something else was happening:

Example:

Carlos lost his watch while he was running.

 

The past progressive can express incomplete action.

Example:

I was sleeping on the couch when Bertie smashed through the door.

To Check your understanding of the Past Simple and Past Progressive, take this quiz. Do not hesitate to ask questions, and if you have special requests, please contact us by sending us an email to [email protected] or call us on 04.78.76.79.82 for more information about our English classes.

Write the correct form of the verb in the parentheses:

1. I (live) ______________ in Seattle for five years.
2. ….. his mother (do) _______ the washing-up.
3. Last month I decided to buy a new car, and today I finally (buy) __________ it.
4. When I (clean) ______________ the house, …..
5. I (find) ___________ some old love letters.
6. I (stop) ____________ because the car was making a funny noise.
7. I (come) ___________ to see her twice, but she wasn’t home.
8. Robin Hood was a character who (steal) ____________ from the rich and gave to the poor.
9. (You, have) ______________ a good time in Brazil? Yes, I had a blast!
10. We (have) ______________breakfast when she walked into the room.
11. I (still, eat) ___________ when the waitress took my plate.
12. When Jane (do) _________ a language course in Ireland, ……
13. We (not/watch) _________________ the match very carefully, so we missed the winning goal by Benson.
14. My sister and I (not/like) _________________ my aunt when we were little. She wasn’t very nice to us.
15. When Rose met Bob, she (think) _______________ he was very charming.
16. A: Was Paula here this morning?
B: No, she wasn’t. She (visit)__________ her friend in hospital.
17. A: We started our company only six months ago.
B: Really? I (not/know) ______________ that.
18. While we (stay) ___________ with my grandparents, we found a big box of family photographs.
19. When I saw Simon last week, he was carrying five big plastic bags. They (contain) _________ lots of old clothes and shoes that he wanted to throw away.
20. I (not/listen) _____________ to Kate and Rachel’s conversation, but then suddenly I heard my name.
21. (You / wait) __________ for a bus when I saw you last night?
22. Andy (hurt)__________ his knee while he was playing tennis.

The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened (or never happened) before now, at an unspecified time in the past.

Example:

They have moved into a new apartment.

The present perfect also, when used with for or since, expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present.

Examples:

  1. a) I have been here since seven o’clock.
  2. b) She has known him for many years.

Form:

We use the helping verb (have) before the main verb. The main verb must be in the past participle form. 

ex. The boy has finished his homework.

ex. The boys have finished their homework. 

In the following quiz, you have to distinguish between the present perfect and the past simple. When doing the quiz, remember the following:

a. We use a clear reference to the past with the past simple, but we do not use a reference to the past with the present perfect.

Ex. I have read a book. Present Perfect

ex. I read a book last week. Past Simple

To Check your understanding of the Present perfect, take this quiz. Do not hesitate to ask questions, and if you have special requests, please contact us by sending us an email to [email protected] or call us on 04.78.76.79.82 for more information about our English classes.

Write the correct form of the verb in the parentheses:

1. I (live) ______________ in Seattle for five years.
2. Someone (steal) ________________ my bike! Now I’ll have to walk home.
3. When Bob was young he (live) ________________ in London.
4. I would like to visit Berlin sometime. Unfortunately, I (never, be) ______________ there.
5. Tim (go) ________________to Scotland last year.
6. I’m afraid I’m not hungry any more. I (already, eat) ________________.
7. They don’t live here anymore. They (leave) ________________ two years ago.
8. Ann (you, finish) ___________ reading the newspaper yet?

9. We (play) ___________ football yesterday afternoon.

1. She (leave) __________________ for work before the children (get) _______________ home from school.
11. Joji (live)_______________ in Tokyo for five years, but he left in 1993.
12. I (watch)____________ the movie Titanic three times. I’m going to see it again tonight.
13. Gerry (fall)_____________ off his bike three times this month.
14. When Young Hee was a child, she (live)____________ in Seoul.
15. I (lose)____________ my key yesterday, so I couldn’t get into the house. Eventually, I found it in my jacket pocket.
16. Somebody (steal)____________ my bicycle yesterday, so I had to walk home.
17. The children (drink)_____________ all the orange juice! We’ll need to get some more.
18. I (lose)___________ my binder yesterday, but my brother found it this morning.
19. I (buy)__________ some new shorts, but I don’t think I like them. Maybe I’ll take them back to the store.
20. Dolphins (swim)____________ in BC waters for millions of years, and are still common today.

The past perfect is used to express an activity that was completed before another activity or time in the past.

Example:

  1. My parents ate.
  2. Then I got home. 

The action that happened first is in the past perfect, and the one that happened next is in the past simple. 

My parents had already eaten by the time I got home.

However, if either before or after is used in the sentence, the past perfect is often not necessary because the time relationship is already clear. The simple past may be used.

Examples:

  1. a) After the guests had left, I went to bed.
  2. b) After the guests left, I went to bed.

In the following quiz, use either the past perfect or the simple past of the verbs in parentheses.

remember, the past perfect is the action that chronologically happened first. 

To Check your understanding of the Past Perfect, take this quiz. Do not hesitate to ask questions, and if you have special requests, please contact us by sending us an email to [email protected] or call us on 04.78.76.79.82 for more information about our English classes.

Write the correct form of the verb in the parentheses:

1. She (leave) __________________ for work before the children (get) _______________ home from school.
2. Jill (phone) _______________ Dad at work before she (leave) ____________ for her trip.
3. Susan (turn on) ______________ the radio after she (wash) ____________ the dishes.
4. When she (arrive) ­­­­___________, the match already (start) _____________.
5. After the man (come)_________________ home, he (feed) _______________ the cat.
6. Before he (sing) ______________ a song he (play) ____________ the guitar.
7. She (watch) _______________ a video after the children (go) _____________ to bed.
8. After Eric (make) ________________breakfast, he (phone) ______________ his friend.
9. I (be) _____________ very tired because I (study) _______________ too much.
10. They (ride) ____________ their bikes before they (meet) ______________ their friends.
11. When they (sleep) ______________ thieves (break) ______________ in and (steal) ______________ their paintings.
12. After he (repair) ______________ his bike he (drive) ______________ to his grandparents.
13. Before she (have) ______________ dinner she (work) ______________ in the garden.
14. I (see) ______________ him yesterday in front of the cinema.
15. He (not visit) ______________ me before he (fly) ______________ to Greece.
16. He (hear) ___________ a loud cry from outside and (rush) ____________ out.
17. We (not play) ______________ chess last Sunday.
18. He (go) ______________ shopping after he (phone) ______________ me.

Future Perfect

 The future perfect expresses an activity that will be completed before another time or event in the future.

Form: 

Will + Have + Past Participle

Example:

I will have finished my homework by the time I go out on a date tonight.

In the following quiz, you have to pay attention to the fact that an action in the future must be done before a specific time. 

We usually use the expression ‘by …….’ 

* You have to use the simple present and the future perfect tin the same sentence. 

To Check your understanding of the Future Perfect, take this quiz. Do not hesitate to ask questions, and if you have special requests, please contact us by sending us an email to [email protected] or call us on 04.78.76.79.82 for more information about our English classes.

Write the correct form of the verb in the parentheses:

1. She (leave) __________________ for work before the children (get) _______________ home from school.
2. Radio waves from earth (travel) _______________ for light years before anyone (pick) _______________  them up.
3. They (complete) _______________ work on the great dam by the end of this decade.
4. By the time I (finish) _______________  this course, I (take) _______________ ten tests.
5. This traffic is terrible. We’re going to be late. By the time we (get) _______________  to the airport, Bob’s plane (arrive, already) _______________ , and he’ll be wondering where we are.
6. He (hear) ___________________something from his publisher by March.
7. We (not/eat) ____________________ before we come, so we’ll be hungry.
8. (We arrive) ___________________ by the time it (get) _______________  dark?
9. We have been married for a long time. By our next anniversary, we (be) _________________ married for 43 years.
10. What? He got married again? At this rate, he (have) ____________________ a dozen wives by the time he (die) _______________.

 

 

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