Vocabulary Level Test

Read the sentences and choose the correct meanings of the vocabulary words according to the context of the sentence. 

1. I believe that if you lower taxes so that people can keep more of the money they earn, it will be an incentive for them to work harder.

What is the meaning of “incentive”? __________.

2. Most of America's Founding Fathers did not believe in women's suffrage. Only men could vote in the United States until 1920.

What is “suffrage”?

3. Some people are sure that the new health care law will mean better care for everyone. Others argue that the law will mean less care and longer waiting lines for those who need to see doctors. It's a controversy that will not go away soon.

A controversy is something that people _______.

4. Removing seeds from cotton plants was a slow job until Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.

What is a cotton gin?

5. In the early 1600s, a dangerous trip across the Atlantic Ocean was a daunting idea. The Europeans, who would someday be known as the Pilgrims, must have been a very determined and brave group of settlers.
A daunting task is one that would _______ someone.
6. The original Pilgrims called themselves the “Saints” and referred to others who joined with them for the voyage as the “Strangers.”
In this context, “original” means _______.
7. The Saints and Strangers argued about how they would live in the New World. After much discussion, they came together and signed the Mayflower Compact.
The Compact was _______.

8. When the Pilgrims landed in what is now Massachusetts, they were fearful that the Native Americans would attack them. However, the people that they encountered, the Wampanoag Indians, were a peaceful and generous tribe.
To encounter, is to _______.

9. The United States has a vast amount of newly discovered clean geothermal (natural heat from the Earth’s crust) energy. Tapping into this energy source could provide at least 10 times the energy that can be obtained from the nation’s known coal reserves.


What does “vast” mean?

10. The United States has a vast amount of newly discovered clean geothermal (natural heat from the Earth’s crust) energy. Tapping into this energy source could provide at least 10 times the energy that can be obtained from the nation’s known coal reserves.
Which word in the above paragraph means supplies that are available to be used?

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